This study explores the seismic behavior of masonry buildings in close proximity to a fault rupture as compared to those located farther away. It takes into account the distinctive features of near-fault ground motions, such as forward directivity and the fling effect, which have the potential to cause significant earthquake-related damage. The study employs a dataset comprising 100 earthquake records, which represent both near-fault and far-fault ground motions, and conducts an analysis of nineteen masonry buildings with varying typologies. Analytical models for each of these buildings are constructed using experimental data concerning the quality of masonry materials. Nonlinear static and dynamic analyses are carried out to evaluate the buildings’ capacity to withstand seismic deformations and the extent of damage incurred. The findings indicate that near-fault ground motions exert a more significant influence on the dynamic response and result in greater damage to masonry structures when compared to far-fault ground motions.


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